A woman believed by Russian government officials to be the
oldest person who ever lived has died quietly while saying her prayers.
Koku Istambulova, a survivor of Stalin’s repressions against
the Chechen people, would have been 130 in June, according to records accepted
by the country’s state pension fund.
She was older than a woman listed in the Russian Book of
Records who died last month supposedly aged 128, officials said.
Koku made headlines last year by saying she had only lived a
single happy day in her long life – when she entered the home she built with
her own hands on return from exile in Kazakhstan, reports Daily Mail.
Her grandson Iliyas Abubakarov said she had supper as usual
on January 27 at her village home in Chechnya.
‘She was joking, she was talking,’ he said.
‘Then she suddenly felt unwell, she complained of a chest
‘We called the doctor, we were told that her blood pressure
had dropped, and injections were made.
‘But they failed to save her. She died some time later. She
died in a quiet way, fully conscious, praying.’
She has been buried in her home village Bratskoe, survived
by five grandchildren and 16 great grandchildren.
A Muslim who was born before the last Tsar Nicholas II was
crowned, she outlived the Soviet Union by a generation, according to her
internal Russian passport.
Her date of birth was claimed to be 1 June 1889 – when Queen
Victoria was on the throne in Britain.
But her passport gave only a year of her birth, not the
exact day and month.
In extraordinary and moving testimony broadcast last year
she spoke emotionally of the appalling day her native Chechen people were
deported en masse by Stalin to the steppes of Kazakhstan 75 years ago.
She told how people died in the cattle-truck trains – and
their bodies were thrown out of the carriages to be eaten by hungry dogs.
If her age was correct, Koku was 54 at the time, having
earlier lived through the coronation of the last tsar Nicholas II two days
before her 7th birthday – and his toppling when she was 27.
‘It was a bad day, cold and gloomy,’ she said of the
February morning in 1944 when the entire entire nation was banished from their
mountain homeland in the Trans-Causacus.
‘We were put in a train and taken … no one knew where.
Railway carriages were stuffed with people – dirt, rubbish, excrement was
Stressing the cruelty of Stalin’s action, she told
journalists determinedly in her native Chechen language: ‘Write that – there
was excrement in the carriages.
‘We were not allowed [to go] anywhere.’
Young Caucasus girls died because from the rupturing of
their bladders – they were ashamed to go to the toilet in crowded stinking the
Older women tried to crowd round them to stop their
embarrassment as they relieved themselves.
Yet there was worse.
‘On the way to our exile, dead bodies were just thrown out
of the train,’ she said.
‘Nobody was allowed to bury the dead. Corpses were eaten by
dogs. My father-in-law was thrown out of the train in this way.’
The guard fed them ‘rotten fish’, she said.
‘We had hard times when we were deported.’
A paranoid Stalin had alleged the Chechens were
collaborating with the Nazis.
‘We were told that we were bad people and that’s why we had
to leave,’ she said.
‘I don’t know what we suffered for… I felt no guilt.’
Before the war, she recalled ‘scary’ Nazi tanks passing her
She suffered devastating personal bereavements in her Kazakh
hell – her two sons both perished in the harsh conditions.
‘There were no doctors, no-one to treat them,’ she said.
‘My younger boy came down with something and passed away
really quickly. Such things happened in every family.
‘When women gave birth children often died because there
were no obstetricians, only neighbours and friends.’
Weeping the old lady said: ‘I only kept my daughter Tamara.’
Exile in Kazakhstan was 13 years – then, after Stalin’s
death, people were allowed to return to their homeland.
When she got back, many houses had been grabbed by incoming
Russians – so she set to work building her own home, complaining her husband
was ‘too lazy’ for the work.
She conceded that despite her earlier claim, the day she
moved into her own house, built with her own hands, after returning from
internal Soviet exile was ‘happy’.
‘I built it myself, the best house in the world,’ she said.
‘I lived there for 60 years.’
Koku told last year how she never went to school.
‘I was working since early childhood,’ she said. ‘I never
studied. I took care of a cow, chickens. I dug the soil in the garden, and kept
digging… every day.’
She gathered cotton and corn, and nursed her younger
brothers and sisters.
As a child she remembered playing with dolls made of cloth
by her uncle.
She had red shoes and white stockings bought by her father
at a fair – the first and only ‘nice clothes’ in her short youth.
She said: ‘Father was ill, then mother was ill. Grandma was
ill. I was the oldest, how could I leave them?’
She married late when a man was chosen for her from another
‘I didn’t know him at all,’ she said. But then I started to
love him. What else could I do if I got married?
‘I had to endure. His name was Magomed and he was younger
She laughed as she recalled: ‘He wasn’t handsome at all.’
Asked about the secret of a long life, she previously said:
‘It was God’s will.
‘I did nothing to make it happen. I see people going in for
sports, eating something special, keeping themselves fit, but I have no idea
how I lived until now.’
Her receipe for a long life was fermented milk, but she
shunned meat and soup.
She asked: ‘Why did Allah give me such a long life and so
‘I would have been dead long ago, if not for Allah who was
holding me in his arms.’
Koku said: ‘It is hard to live when all who remembered you
died long ago. And it is very scary to die, however old you are.’
As with Nanu Shaova, who died last month, there were no
original documents proving her age despite the Pension Fund of Russia accepting
that she was 129 when she died.
Unlike Nanu, Koku had vivid recollections of events deep in
The Caucasus has a history of long living people yet the
claims are usually impossible to verify.
The oldest documented human lifespan is Jeanne Calment, from
France, who lived 122 years, 164 days, dying in 1997.